IBBZ Accounting

Chartered Accountants & Tax Specialist


Useful tips for Small Business

General update by IBBZ Accounting on latest tax news, business growth and technology tips.

Tax updates

Modifying the 63-day rule on employee remuneration Section EA 4 of the Income Tax Act 2007

What is 63-day rule

A person is allowed a deduction for the amount spent on employing people. Payment related to employment could be in the form of wage and salary or payment of leaves. Section EA 4 says payment must be made within 63 days after the end of the income year. Any payment not made within 63 days after the of the income year, becomes income of the person for tax purposes. It means deduction is not allowed for the unpaid portion.

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Financial Hardship Provisions do not apply when Inland Revenue bankrupt taxpayer for the recovery of Tax Debt.


In the recent tax case of Singh v The commissioner of Inland Revenue [2017] NZCA 506, the court of appeal held the Commissioner can ignore sections 176, 177, 177c of the Tax Administration Act 1994 when pursuing bankruptcy due to non-payment of tax.

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How much money do I need for retirement?

Each person has a different lifestyle. To maintain a good lifestyle lot of financial planners, go with $100k a year for a couple, means $50k for one person. However, this has been a very traditional approach this approach is suited for industrial age era not for modern time (information age)

Traditional approach is you work till 65, keep making small savings in your retirement funds. By the time you retire you should have about $500k in your investments. These investments will give you a yield of about 5%, so you will get about $25k a year. You will also be eligible for Super, may be one investment property so roughly you will get about $50k a year.

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Proposed Solutions to RWT for Small Businesses

RWT on dividends between companies

With amendments being made to sections RE 2(5), this now limits the definition of “resident passive income”. This section excludes fully imputed dividends paid to a corporate shareholder if the paying company chooses to exclude the dividend from the definition.

This will allow a company to opt out of withholding RWT on a fully imputed dividend paid to another company.

The above amendments were needed because of company tax rate being lowered from 33% to 28%. Dividends were effectively overtaxed by the amount of RWT withheld.

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Know the Difference Between a Contractor and Employee

You need to be careful when deciding between employee or contractor. The mistake of paying someone as a contractor if they really fall under the category of an employee can be very expensive. This can be a trap that can cause you serious problems later.

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